In this page are reported the most relevant events like brands foundation or termination, introduction of new models or dismission of the old ones, creation of technical innovations, variations carried out on the characteristics of the models, realizations of new materials, etc. The events are listed year by year, trying to cover what that happened in the fountain pen history.
Dates reported here are sometime controversial, when we are aware of this we summarize the uncertainty reporting the alternatives, but you can find the details of the controversies only looking at the detailed pages for brands and models, unfortunately just a few of them have been translated from italian. Moreover information about dismission of models and features are always approximate, because sometime model or feature were ceased from production or from catalogs, but the pens were still sold or produced for still some time.
This chronology is not maintained for pens produced after the '60s because they are of almost of no interest both for the history and the author of this page. This page is the English translation of the contents of the Italian page Cronologia, it's still a work in progress, and I have little knowledge of English. If you want to help just let me know, you can use the contact info in the information link that's in the bottom of all the pages.
- Kaspar Faber starts a pencil production in Stein, is the Faber-Castell origin
- Nisbet Macniven founded a factory in Balerno, is the Cameron origin
- P. C. Lambertye starts a watercolors production, is the Paillard origin
- Hardtmuth is founded by Joseph Hardtmudt in Vienna
- Conté is founded by Nicolas-Jacques Conté as Société Conté
- Gillot Steel Pens is founded by Joseph Gillott in Birmingham
- Petrache Poenaru get what seems the first patent in fountain pens
- Johann Sebastian Staedtler founded his pencil factory in Nuremberg, is the Mars Staedtler origin
- printed the first catalog of the Hornemann's Paint and Ink Factory company, considered the official start of Pelikan activities
- John and Donald Cameron became Macniven partners founding Macniven & Cameron Ltd.
- George Sheppard started a gold nibs manufacturing company, is the John Holland Pen Company origin
- Mallat is founded by Jean Benoit Mallat in Parigi
- Swan is founded by John Mabie, Henry Todd in New York as Mabie, Todd and Co.
- Richard Cross and E. W. Bradbury begin their activities in the United States, is the Cross origin
- A. Morton & Co. is founded by Alexander Morton in New York as A. Morton & Co
- Brause is founded by Carl Brause, Friedrich Brause, Wilhelm Brause, Carl Bergfeld in Iserlohn
- J. M. Paillard succeed in business founded in 1788 by P. C. Lambertye
- Jean Benoit Mallat patents a metallic nib pen
- John Mabie patents (nº US-11762) telescopic mechanism for pen and pencil holder
- Eagle is founded by Heinrich Berolzheimer in New York as Eagle Pencil Company
- Esterbrook is founded by Richard Esterbrook in Camden, New Jersey
- Hicks is founded by William S. Hicks in New York as William S. Hicks (& Sons) Gold Pen Company
- Carter's Ink Company is founded by William Carter in Boston, Massachusetts as William Carter Company
- Esterbrook is renamed as Esterbrook Steel Pen Manufacturing Company
- Spencerian is founded by Ivison Phinney in New York as Spencerian Steel Pen Co.
- Stafford's Ink is founded by S. S. Stafford in New York
- Venus is founded by Edward Weissenborn in Hoboken as American Lead Pencil Company
- John Holland acquire George Sheppard activity, giving birth to John Holland Pen Company
- Günther Wagner became a partner in the Hornemann's Paint and Ink Factory, future Pelikan
- Aikin Lambert is founded by James Cornelious Aikin, Henry Lambert in New York
- Jean Benoit Mallat patents the Siphoïde, a fountain pen ancestor
- Maruzen is founded by Yuteki Hayashi in Yokohama
- Günther Wagner buy the Hornemann's Paint and Ink Factory, future Pelikan, when Carl Hornemann retires
- Degussa is founded in Frankfurth as Deutsche Gold und Silber Scheideanstalt
- Jonhatan Sprague Bard join Mabie Todd that becomes Mabie Todd & Bard
- Soennecken is founded by Friederich Soennecken in Bonn
- MacKinnon is founded by Duncan Mackinnon in Toronto as Post Fountain Pen Company
- Soennecken move to Bonn
- Alonso T. Cross patents a stilographic pen and a new mechanical pencil
- Johan Faber starts the Johan Faber A. G., part of what will be the Faber-Castell
- Günther Wagner registers the Pelikan trademark, creating the Günther Wagner Pelikan
- Mabie Todd & Bard starts fountain pens production with the Calligraphic model
- John Holland Pen Company began fountain pens marketing
- Alonso T. Cross create his own company A. T. Cross - Pen and Pencil Manufacturer
- a Cross Pen Company is founded in Boston for fountain pen production, different from A. T. Cross
- De La Rue produced the Anti-Stylograph pen, a primordial fountain pen
- first fountain pen patent assigned to Paul E. Wirt
- Kaweco is founded by Luce, Ensslen in Heidelberg as Heidelberger Federhalterfabrik
- Waterman is founded by Lewis E. Waterman in New York
- Jewel Pen Co. is founded by John Calton in Londra as Jewel Pen Company
- John Holland Pen Company open a new factory dedicated to fountain pens production
- Sterling Fountain Pen is founded by Rhodes G. Lockwood in Boston as Sterling Fountain Pen Company
- Lewis Edson Waterman get his first patent (nº US-293545) for a multi-channel feeder
- Wirt is founded by Paul E. Wirt in Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania
- Paul Wirt patents an overfeed feeder
- Wirt opens a factory in Iron Street, Bloomberg
- Waterman introduces the first barrel worked mechanically
- Carter's Ink Company is incorporated as Carter's Ink Company
- The Parker Pen Company is founded by George S. Parker in Janesville, Wisconsin
- Waterman is incorporated as L. E. Waterman Company
- Hardtmuth introduce Koh-i-Noor pencils
- John Holland Pen Company is incorporated
- George S. Parker begin to make fountain pens
- Weidlich is founded by Otto E. Weidlich in Cincinnati as O. E. Weidlich Pen Company
- Aikin Lambert starts fountain pen production
- Beaumel is founded by David W. Beaumel in New York as D. W. Beaumel & Co.
- Eagle create a glass cartridge pen
- Soennecken starts fountain pen production
- Waterman introduces the first desk pen with conical end
- Wirt proclaims the sale of 350,000 pens
- George S. Parker begin a partnership with William F. Palmer
- Diamond Point Pen Company is founded in New York as Diamond Point Pen Company
- Roeder is founded by S. Roeder in Berlino
- The Parker Pen Company is incorporated as The Parker Pen Company
- Post Fountain Pen is founded by Woodroof Post in New York as Post Fountain Pen Company
- Nine young people founded the "Kay & Co.", is the Lang - Curzon - Summit origin
- Mars Staedtler register the Minerva trademark
- Siebert and Lowen, producer of Matador pens, is founded
- Wyvern Fountain Pen Company is founded by David Finburgh, Alfred Finburgh, Alec Finburgh in Leicester as The Finburgh Bros
- Caw's is founded by Francis C. Brown in New York as Caw's Ink and Pen Company
- Esterbrook enter the english market
- Laughlin is founded by James W. Laughlin in Detroit as Laughlin Pen Company
- Wearever is founded by David Kahn in North Bergen, New Jersey as David Kahn Inc.
- A. A. Waterman is founded by Arthur A. Waterman, William G. Frazer, Hobart W. Geyer in Boston
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. is founded by Roy Conklin in Toledo, Ohio as Self-Filling Fountain Pen Company
- Alexander Castell renames the A. W. Faber in A. W. Faber-Castell
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the Pelikan 4001 inks line
- The Parker Pen Company patents the slip-on cap
- H. Koch and R. Weber acquire the Heidelberger Federhalterfabrik, that becomes Kaweco
- Moore Pen Company is founded by Walter F. Cushing, William F. Cushman in Boston as American Fountain Pen Company
- Waterman introduces the n. 10 nib
- Williamson Pen Co. - Williamson Torino is founded by George H. Williamson in Janesville
- Fend is founded by Karl Fend, Georg Fend in Pforzheim as Gebrueder Fend G.m.b.H.
- Mars Staedtler register the Mars trademark
- A. A. Waterman is renamed as Modern Pen Company
- the Self Fountain Pen Co. is renamed as Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co
- Mars Staedtler register the Noris trademark
- Crocker is founded by Seth S. Crocker in Boston as Crocker Pen Company
- Uhlmann's Eterno is founded by Emil Uhlmann in Milano
- Etienne Forbin become agent for some U.S. writing instruments manufacturers, is the Bayard origin
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. hires Mark Twain as testimonial in its advertisement campaign
- Eclipse is founded by Marx Finstone in San Francisco as Eclipse Fountain Pen Co.
- Eugène Moreau establish the Société Anonyme des anciens établissements Paillard
- Christian Olsen sign an agreement with Parker for their pens distribution
- Boston Pen is founded by Charles Brandt in Boston as Boston Fountain Pen Company
- Roy Conklin retires selling his quotes on the company (or 1907)
- Lang Co. Ltd. is established in 13 Hope Street in Liverpool
- Schnell is founded by Julius L. Schnell in New York as Julius L. Schnell Pen Company
- The Parker Pen Company introduces a first filling system based on rubber sac squeezing
- Welty is founded by William W. Welty in Waterloo as Welty Pen Company
- Bankers is founded in New York as Bankers Pen Company
- Conway Stewart is founded by Francis Charles Jarvis, Thomas Howard Garner in Londra
- Lang Co. Ltd. factory is moved to Hope Street
- Perfection is founded by Jay G. Rider in Rockford as J. G. Rider Pen Company
- Soennecken registers the Soennecken trademark
- American Lead Pencil Company registers the Venus trademark
- Wahl Adding Machine Co. is founded, is the Wahl Eversharp origin
- August Eberstein start producing fountain pens in Germany
- Jonhatan Sprague Bard leaves Mabie Todd & Bard
- Aikin Lambert introduces a pump filler model
- the Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co was renamed Conklin Pen Company (do not match with patent data)
- Swan is incorporated as Mabie Todd & Co.
- Montblanc is founded by August Eberstein, Alfred Nehemias, Claus-Johannes Voss in Hamburg as Simplo Filler Pen Co. GmbH
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. starts imprinting "trade mark crescent filler" on the crescent of crescent filler
- Conway Stewart is incorporated as Conway Stewart & Co. Ltd
- Maurice Jandelle sell Conway Stewart pens in France under the Gold Star name, is the Gold Starry origin
- SSS is founded by Asashiro Hosonuma as SSS Pen Company
- Swan starts fountain pen production in England
- Edacoto is founded by Jacques Bonhomme in Parigi as Edac
- Montblanc introduces the first model called Montblanc
- Morrison is founded by Louis Morrison in New York as Morrison Fountain Pen Company
- Produttori minori europei is founded in Berlin
- first trace of Nettuno activities in an advertizement draft
- De La Rue - Onoto is incorporated as limited liability company
- SSS starts fountain pen production
- Sailor is founded by Kyugoro Sakata in Koze as Sakata Seisakusho Co
- A. A. Waterman loses the lawsuit filed by Waterman and should mark his fountain pens as Not Connected with the L. E. Waterman Company
- Etienne Forbin registers Bayard trademark
- Gold Starry becomes a registered trademark
- Montegrappa is founded by Edwige Hoffman, Heinrich Helm in Bassano del Grappa as Manifattura Pennini Oro per Stilografiche - The Elmo Pen
- Monterosa is founded by Fritz Dimmler in Zurich
- A. A. Waterman was refounded as The Modern Pen Company in West Virginia
- Soennecken extends the range of fountain pens with many models
- la The Parker Pen Company introduces a gold ring at the cap top for women's models
- W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company is founded by Walter A. Sheaffer in Fort Madison as W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company
- Walter Boss enters Cross
- Kaweco acquire A. Morton & Co., taking their know how and starts its nib production in Heidelberg (1913?)
- Kraker is founded by George M. Kracker in Kansas City as Kraker Pen Company
- the Simplo Fullfeder GmbH start official use of Montblanc trademark
- the Simplo Filler Pen Co. GmbH is renamed as Simplo Fullfeder GmbH
- Montblanc introduces its star logo
- Wahl Eversharp is founded by John C. Wahl in Chicago as The Wahl Company
- Wahl Eversharp enter the writing instrument market producing the Eversharp pencil
- Carlo Drisaldi becomes general agent for Italy of Waterman
- Walter Boss buys Cross from Alonso Townsend Cross
- the English branch acquire the Mabie Todd & Co. becoming the Mabie Todd & Co. Ltd
- Byers & Hayes is founded by John E. Hayes, George T. Byers in New York
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. introduces its spring clip
- Mallat starts fountain pen production
- Météore - La Plume d'Or is founded by L. Demilly, V. Degen in Parigi as Manifacture Parisienne de P.P.R.
- Nettuno is founded by Umberto Vecchietti in Bologna
- The Parker Pen Company produces the Trench Pen for the U. S. War Department, given to soldiers to write from the front line
- Tibaldi is founded by Giuseppe Tibaldi in Firenze as G. Tibaldi e C.
- John Holland dies, his sons take over the management
- the American Fountain Pen Company becomes the Moore Pen Company
- Pagliero is founded by Luigi Pagliero in Settimo Torinese
- Stilus is founded by Emilio Pecco in Torino as Pecco e C. Stilus
- W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company create Morrison Plow Works plants
- Giuseppe Zanini opens an activity named Arti Grafiche - Giuseppe Zanini, is the Ancora origin
- Columbus is founded by Eugenio Verga, Alfredo Verga in Milano as Alfredo Verga dei Fratelli Verga Snc
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. starts imprinting its brand name Conklin on the other side of crescent filler cescent
- Corona Co. is founded in Manchester
- De Witt-La France is founded by David J. La France, William P. De Witt in Cambridge, Massachusetts as De Witt - La France Co.
- Geha is founded by Heinrich Hartmann, Conrad Hartmann in Hannover
- Le Tigre is founded by René Kintz in Bruxelles as Établissements René Kintz
- Franck LeBoeuf patents a pen production method from celluloid tubes
- Morison is founded by Torajirou Tanigawa as Kikaku Pen Company
- Pilot is founded by Ryosuke Namiki, Matsuo Wada in Tokyo as Namiki Manufacturing Company
- Salz is founded by Jacob Salz, James Salz, Ignatz Salz in New York
- Stellor is founded by Joseph Beaufils in Nurieus
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora is founded by Isaia Levi in Torino as Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora
- Mentmore is founded in London as Mentmore Manufacturing Company
- Armando Simoni registers a business for "Lavorazione di articoli di penne in ebanite"
- Osmia is founded by Hermann Böhler in Dossenheim as Böhler und Cie
- Platinum is founded by Syunichi Nakata in Tokyo as Nakaya Seisakusho
- Reform is founded by Ludwig Jung, Paul Fortran, Johann Heinz in Heidelberg as Reform Füllfederhalter-fabrik Gmbh
- Ripet is founded by Emil Kroutl in České Budějovice
- Sterling Fountain Pen is sold to Francis A. Harrigan
- Stiassi e Tantini is founded by Giuseppe Tantini, Giorgio Stiassi in Bologna
- Unic is founded by M. M. Kothe, Vannier
- A. A. Waterman was sold changing name in Chicago Safety Pen Company moving to Chicago
- A. Morton & Co. ceases operations
- Giuseppe Zanini founds the Fabbrica e Commercio di Penne Stilografiche e Raffinati Oggetti per Arti Grafiche
- Autopoint is founded by W. E. Gerry in Chicago as Autopoint Pencil Company
- Burnham is founded by Harry Burnham in London
- Conway Stewart registers the The Conway Stewart trademark
- John Hancock is founded in Boston as Pollock Pen Company
- Merz & Krell is founded by Friedrich Merz, Georg Merz, Justus Krell in Bieberau
- Produttori minori italiani is founded by Paul Kohler, Christian Schaefer in Milano
- Stiassi e Tantini founds A.S.C.A. (Azienda Specializzata in Cancelleria ed Affini)
- The Parker Pen Company start producing mechanical pencils
- Astoria is founded by Georg Ilgner in Amburgo
- Dunn is founded by Charles Dunn in New York
- Ercolessi is founded by Edgardo Ercolessi in Milano
- Giacomazzi is founded by Pietro Giacomazzi, Girolamo Giacomazzi in Settimo Torinese
- Gold Starry starts producing fountain pens in French
- LeBoeuf is founded by Frank Le Boeuf, Edward E. Le Boeuf, Leroy J. Learned, John H. Williams, Eugene E. Le Boeuf in Springfield
- Manifacture Parisienne de P.P.R. is renamed La plume d'or
- Nettuno registered the Penna Nettuno Sicurezza trademark for its pens
- De La Rue - Onoto becomes a public limited company, changing ownership
- Stylomine is founded by Yves E. Zuber in Parigi
- Victoria is founded by Pietro Tavella
- Edacoto starts its fountain pen production
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the A.R.A. that appears in the catalog, only in size 4
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora publish the first catalog, with all its models: R.A., A.R.A., F.A. e F.A.S.
- Météore - La Plume d'Or introduces first model with its trademark engraved on the cap
- Armando Simoni registers Officine Meccaniche di Precisione Simoni Armando
- W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company replaces the imprint "SHEAFFER-CLIP" on clips with "Sheaffer'S"
- Autopoint Pencil Company is bought by Realite Pencil Company and renamed Autopoint Products Company
- Chilton is founded by Seth Chilton Crocker in Boston as Chilton Pen Company
- Corona Pen Company is founded by Samuel V. Corona in Janesville, Wisconsin
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces also the 3, 35 and 5 sizes for the A.R.A model
- Theodor Kovacs patents the piston filler
- Pen-Co is founded by Rinaldo Rossi, Marcello Rossi in Sandrigo
- Pilot introduces the first hard rubber lacquer coated models
- Scripto is founded by Monie A. Ferst in Atlanta as M. A. Ferst Company
- Riccardo Amisani registers Williamson trademark
- Giuseppe Zanini establish his Fabbrica di penne stilografiche e commercio, stampe in genere e riproduzioni opere d'arte
- Carter's Ink Company starts fountain pen production
- the Columbus trademark is registered
- Dunn get its first bankrupcy filing
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the stylized with a pelikan feeding four chicks logo (or 1926)
- De La Rue - Onoto introduces a second tier production marked The De La Rue
- Syunichi Nakata tranfer to Tokyo and found Nakaya Seisakusho Pen Co.
- Sterling Fountain Pen ceases operations
- Unique Pen Company is founded in London
- Ancora carries the production to Sesto Calende
- Eclipse opens a canadian branch as indipendent company
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces an official clip for its pens
- Fratelli Cavaliere is founded by Giuseppe Cavaliere, Aldo Cavaliere, Carlo Cavaliere in Milano
- John Holland Pen Company convert production to celluloid
- KWG is founded by Frederik Grube, Heinrich Woringen, J. Knust in Wiesloch
- Luxor is founded by Heinrich Hebborn in Heidelberg
- Montegrappa started the production of Montegrappa branded models
- Montegrappa is bought by Alessandro Marzotto and Domenico Manea
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni is founded by Armando Simoni in Bologna as Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni
- Perfection ceases operations
- Platignum is founded in Londra as Platignum Pen Company
- Postal is founded in New York as Postal Pen Company Inc.
- Stylomine starts fountain pen production
- Tropen is founded by Gustav Schroeder in Ludenscheid
- Wirt is incorporated ad Paul Wirt Pen Co.
- Wirt is sold by its founder, it will continue production for a few years
- Chilton moves to Long Island and introduces first celluloid models
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces a R.A.2 version produced for the Touring Club Italiano
- Haro is founded by Hans Roggenbuck in Frömsdorf
- JiF is founded by Jules Fagard
- Montegrappa is renamed as Manifattura Pennini Oro e Penne Stilografiche Elmo
- Pilot open representative offices in Singapore, New York and London
- Spors is founded by Frank Spors in Lesueuer Center, Minnesota
- Autopoint starts fountain pen production
- Carter's Ink Company converts its production to celluloid
- the Alfredo Verga dei Fratelli Verga is closed, Eugenio Verga continue Columbus production alone
- Dunn ceases operations
- Moore Pen Company introduces its first celluloid models
- Omega A.V.M. is founded by Alfredo Verga in Milano
- De La Rue - Onoto productions is transferred to Strathendry in the Fifeshire, Scotland
- Pilot starts producing mechanical pencils
- Presbitero is founded by Pietro Presbitero in Milano
- Sager is founded by Salomon M. Sager in Chicago, Illinois
- Swan introduces fist models in celluloid
- Wahl Eversharp introduces celluloid models in the Jade Green, Lapis Blue and Coral Red colours
- Montblanc introduces celluloid models
- De La Rue - Onoto introduces celluloid models (or 1926?)
- Nakaya Seisakusho Pen Co. is renamed as Platinum Fountain Pen Co.
- Rotring is founded by Wilhelm Riepe in Amburgo as Tintenkuli Handels GmbH
- Wyvern Fountain Pen Company starts using own branded nibs
- Bayard introduces its first celluloid models
- Columbus starts celluloid production
- Gold Starry retires previous models and convert all production to celluloid
- Helios is founded by Eugenio Giarola in Milano
- original Kaweco bankrupt, KWG acquire the trademark and the Kaweco Badische Füllhalterfabrik is born
- LUS is founded by Umberto Legnani in Saronno as L.U.S. di Umberto Legnani
- Pen Desk Set Company is founded
- Rupp is founded by Peter Rupp in Heidelberg
- Tripen is founded by George Coby in Providence as Tripen Manufacturing Company
- Alfred Finburgh leaves Wyvern, Alec and David remained
- Zenith is founded by Giuseppe Morandino in Milano
- Ancora introduces celluloid models (guess date)
- Aurea is founded
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. introduces the All-American sub-brand for economic production (uncertain date)
- Corona di Mario Diaz is founded by Mario Diaz in Milano
- Cross introduces an enamelled bands fountain pen pairing with pencils
- Europa is founded
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Aurora 42 a variant of Duplex with end lever filler (date uncertain)
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the luxury version of the Duplex with three rings, decorative ring on top of the cap and clip inlaid (date uncertain)
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces a round ventilation hole on Pelikan 100 (November, or January 1931?)
- Lamy is founded by Joseph C. Lamy in Heidelberg as Orthos Fullhalterfabrik C. J. Lamy
- Mastilo is founded by Ubaldo Massari in Torino
- Mentmore become a public company
- Montblanc starts engraving "4810" on nibs
- Morans is founded by Anselmo Mora in Firenze
- Scriba is founded by A. Dalla Porta in Verona
- Titania is founded by Giorgio Fornello in Settimo Torinese
- Wahl Eversharp introduces the Brasilian Green celluloid
- Zemax is founded by Massimiliano Zeme in Sesto Calende
- Atlantica is founded by Giacomo Capella in Milano
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Olo Lusso (guess date, stands for the beginning of '30s)
- A. W. Faber-Castell and Johan Faber A. G. start to join
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces on the Pelikan 100 the celluloid barrel and the hard rubber section (starting june)
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni introduces the Minerva Ellittica (guess date, refers to beginning of the '30s)
- Platinum starts mail order sales
- after Benelli was leaving the brand simply becomes Tibaldi
- Tibaldi replace the ball clip with a drop clip (guess date, refers to beginning of the '30s)
- Carter's Ink Company retires from fountain pen market
- Ceriani is founded by Davide Ceriani in Sesto Calende as Primaria Fabbrica Penne Stilografiche
- Uhu is founded by August Fischer in Baden as UHU Werk H.u.M.
- Zerollo is founded by Dante Davide Zerollo in Genova
- the Canadian and the U.S. Eclipse are re-united under a single property
- Gold Starry introduces small pen in preciuos metal from Viala Lilliput
- LeBoeuf ceases operations
- Kikaku Pen Company is renamed as Morison
- Olivieri is founded by Giuseppe Olivieri in Milano
- Swan introduces more streamlined models (or 1934)
- Panici Freres & Co is renamed Stylo Bayard and the trademark "Bayard" is engraved on clips
- Conway Stewart introduces the Cracked Ice celluloid
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the Auch Pelikan pencil
- in Italy (R.D. 305 of 1934-02-05) all gold nib must be marked according to law with the thousandths inside a lozenge
- LUS starts fountain pen production
- Mengoni is founded by Virginio Mengoni in Milano
- the Simplo Fullfeder GmbH is renamed as Montblanc-Simplo GmbH
- Società Anonima Pennini King (The King) becomes Società Anonima Fabbrica Italiana Stilografiche (SAFIS) (guess date)
- la Stylomine retires the retractable nib
- Böhler is founded by Hermann Böhler in Heidelberg
- Camel is founded by Joseph Wustman in Orange, New Jersey
- Columbus introduces the arrow clip (date approximate)
- Conway Stewart become a public company
- Conway Stewart introduces the diamond clip
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Olo F (guess date, stands for the mid '30s)
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Olo Gamma (guess date, stands for the mid '30s)
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the colors brown and tortoise on the 100, the last one was retired soon after
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the colors red, blue, green, tortoise and lizard skin on the 101
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan imprint the nib size on the feeder
- Summit introduces bigger nibs on top fountain pens
- death of Giuseppe Tibaldi, direction passes to his nephew, Giorgio Schiassi
- Cervinia is founded by Giuseppe Carboni in Torino as Fabbrica Italiana Penne Stilografiche Cervinia
- Columbus moved into the new headquarters of Via Lamarmora in Milan
- Faber-Castell introduces a Faber-Castell marked model
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan imprint the nib size on the plunger back
- Pagliero change name in Luigi Pagliero e F.
- Saratoga is founded by Edoardo Russo Webber in Milano
- Stiassi e Tantini registers the new trademark Scotland Italiana
- Ancora introduces the Maxima (guess date, coincident with the trademark registration, Reg. Gen. N. 56843)
- Ancora introduces the Da-Ma (guess date, coincident with the trademark registration, Reg. Gen. N. 56845)
- Edacoto introduces stepped shaped clips with arrow point (or 1935?)
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora the colored Etiopia (date uncertain, but after the introduction)
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan change the feeder passing from the short middle strip to the three long strips
- Mars Staedtler change name in Mars Pencil and Fountain Pen Factory
- Byers & Hayes ceases operations
- Chilton transfer activities to Summit, in New Jersey
- all Conklin assets are sold to a Chicago investor group
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan starts using the logo with two chicks (?)
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces the 100N luxury versions 100N Gold, 101N Weisgold, 100N Toledo, 101N Gold
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan starts general use of palladium nibs (marked "Pd")
- japanese brands are forced to use steel nibs, called shiro nib
- Luxor transfers the production facilities in Cologne
- the Pilot logo take the "P" letter instead of "N"
- Pilot is renamed as Pilot Pen Co., Ltd.
- Colorado is founded by Orlando Quadretti in Bologna
- Conklin production is transferred to Chicago
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Selene (following Luca De Ponti, Letizia Jacopini talks about 1940)
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces the Optima second version, with triangular clip
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan replace on all models gold and palladium nibs with chromiun-nichel nibs (marked "CN") for war restrictions
- Lamy acquire Artus Fullaltergesellschaft Kaufmann und Co (guess date)
- Montegrappa introduces the cap engraving of the MG initials within a circle (guess date, stands for the end of '30s)
- Perop is founded by Vladimír Kaiser, Emil Kroutl, Adolf Krygar, František Zeman in Prague
- Roccati is founded by Luigi Benedetto, Dino Gilardi in Settimo Torinese
- Stiassi e Tantini become S.I.S.A. (Società Italiana Stilografiche e Affini) and starts usinig Tabo trademark
- Zemax is officially registered as Zeme Massimo e C. Soc. Anonima
- A.B.T. is founded by Achille Busi in Torino
- Fabbrica Italiana Penne a Serbatoio Aurora introduces third Optima version, with tapered clip, three rings and metal decorations on the ends
- S.I.S.A. (owner of Tabo trademark) become F.I.S.A. (Fabbrica Italiana Stilografiche e Affini) (approximate date)
- Tabo is founded by Giuseppe Tantini, Giorgio Stiassi in Bologna as Stiassi e Tantini S. A.
- The Parker Pen Company introduces in South America and the Caribbean
- the Wahl Company Co. and Eversharp Inc. are fused into Eversharp Inc.
- Chilton ceases operations
- Itala Cromograf is founded by Filippo Giriodi, Livio Campanelli in Genova as Società anonima vendita penne bicolore Itala Cromograf
- Reform Füllfederhalter-fabrik Gmbh becomes the Reform Füllfederhalter-fabrik Heinz & Jung
- Swan ends production in New York
- Columbus factory is destroyed by bombing, production is moved to Lesa
- Estense is founded by Maria Pozzetti in Modena as Marca Estense
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan produce war version for Pelikan 100N without metal rings for the internal marked
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan replace the piston cork seal with black plastic (October)
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan produce war version for Pelikan 100 without metal rings for the internal marked (June)
- Inoxcrom is founded by Manuel Vaqué Ferrandis in Barcellona as Industrial MAVA
- Stylomine introduces the Stylomine 302 mechanical pencil
- Stylomine introduces a wheat ear engraved decoration of the clip
- Eterpen is founded by Lazlo Biro in Buenos Aires
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan totally stops production for internal market
- Stylomine introduces a grape engraved decoration of the clip
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan totally stops production in Germany
- Montblanc plant is destroyed by a bombing
- Aurora plants are destroyed by a bombing
- Reynolds is founded by Milton Reynolds in Chicago as Reynolds International Pen Company
- Soennecken restart production with Soennecken 504, Soennecken 506, Soennecken 507 and Soennecken 510 models
- Columbus restarts production in Milan factory
- Hans Roggenbuck is expelled from East Germany, Haro stops the activity
- Industrial MAVA is renamed as Inoxcrom
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni renew the Extra model introducing the new piston filler models 555, 556 and 557
- Original Goldmichel is founded by Walter Engele in Torino
- Osmia restarts production
- W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company introduces firt ball pens
- Wilmas is founded by Angelo Rosso in Asti
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan restart production
- Montblanc starts Danmark production
- Montegrappa was re-established as "Elmo - Montegrappa s.n.c."
- Stylomine introduces the Stylomine 404 mechanical pencil
- Conklin Pen Manufacturing Co. ceases operations
- Hans Roggenbuck re-founded Haro in Regensburg
- LUS starts ballpens production
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni restyles the 55x with new versions: ogival (55x/S) and faceted (55x/F)
- Pilot creates the Nagoya ink factory and the Hiratsuka pens factory
- Pilot entered the market of stationery products
- Platinum introduces ballpoint with water based ink, forerunner of the roller pens
- Ripet ceases operations
- Sailor began producing a line of celluloid pens
- Stiassi e Tantini ceases operations
- Stylomine introduces the Stylomine 707 ballpoint
- Faber-Castell began producing ballpoint pens
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan restart production of gold nibs
- Mars Staedtler starts ballpoint production
- Geha starts fountain pen production
- Günther Wagner - Pelikan introduces and retires sriped green and tortoise colors like the ones of 400
- John Holland Pen Company ceases operations
- Pen Desk Set Company ceases operations
- Jewel Pen Co. ceases operations
- Montegrappa was re-established as "Fabbrica Penne Stilografiche Elmo Montegrappa s.r.l."
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni introduces the Minerva 60 (guess date, stands for the beginning of '50s)
- Williamson Pen Co. - Williamson Torino ceases operations
- la Günther Wagner - Pelikan retires the CN nib
- Platinum is the first Japanese producer creating injection molding plastic pens
- la The Parker Pen Company retires stops imprinting date code on the Parker 51 produced outside the USA
- Cross enters ballpoint market
- Ero is founded by Ernst Rodenhäuser in Ober-Ramstadt
- japanese nibs have the JIS (Japan Industrial Standards) mark imprinted
- Stilus ceases operations
- Waterman USA ceases production, but Jif-Waterman is still active
- Wilson is founded by Giuseppe Toffali in Settimo Torinese
- Columbus production is totally converted to plastic models (guess date, stands for the the mid-50s)
- Lang - Curzon - Summit ceases operations
- Wyvern Fountain Pen Company ceases operations
- Diamond Point Pen Company ceases operations
- the IBIS 130 E Elektrographik appears in a swiss catalog
- Montblanc move the Montblanc engraving on cap
- Moore Pen Company ceases operations
- Sailor ends the production of its line of celluloid pens
- Stellor ceases operations
- American Lead Pencil Company becomes the Venus Pen and Pencil Corp.
- Conway Stewart introduces ballpoint and turns production to molded plastic
- Mengoni ceases operations
- Tibaldi is sold to Remo Pagliuca
- De La Rue - Onoto ceases operations in England, activities are selled to Australian reseller
- Unique Pen Company ceases operations
- Montblanc ceased Danmark production
- Waterman american plants are sold to BIC
- Paillard ceases fountain pen production (?)
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni introduces the Omas VS (lower limit from an advertisement of this year)
- Pilot starts producing ballpoints
- De La Rue - Onoto ceases operations also in Australia
- Reform is bought by Philipp Mutschler sons
- W. A. Sheaffer Pen Company dismiss the "Sheaffer'S" logo
- Zenith ceases operations
- Officine Meccaniche Armando Simoni introduces the Omas CS (lower limit from an advertisement of this year)
- Burnham ceases operations
- Rotring use the red ring (Rotring) as official trademark
- Tibaldi ceases operations
- Soennecken the company fails and ceases production
- Pilot introduces the telescopic model ?
- Brause stops fountain pen production
- Esterbrook ceases operations
- Fend ceases operations
- Jif-Waterman acquire the Waterman trademark and become Waterman S.A.
- Bayard ceases operations
- Ancora ceases operations
- Conway Stewart ceases operations
- Faber-Castell retires from fountain pen market
- Kaweco fails and ceases production
- it's the earlier date reported in this page.
- the most part of the Pelikan chronology take as reference the book Pelikan Schreibgeräte 1929-2004, by Jürghen Dittmer and Martin Lehmann, we used their indications also when other articles (also those referenced in this site) are reporting discordant dates.
- as claimed in this advertisement.
- indicative date according to David Nishimura, see here.
- the most part of the Kaweco chronology is obtained form the information that were published by the company itself (no more on-line) and from the new company history published here.
- the most part of the Penol chronology take as reference this website.
- referring to a flyer of this year that shows Riccardo Amisani as general representative for Italy and colonies.
- according to what is said in this page.
- see this advertisement.
- the most part of the Sheaffer chronology take as reference the article: A HISTORY OF SHEAFFER PEN AND WALTER A. SHEAFFER ITS FOUNDER, published by the company itself; until noted otherwise this should be considered the source of the info.
- as reported in this page.
- as reported by Steve Hull in his book "The English fountain pen industry 1875 - 1975".
- as for most of the italian manufacturers many dates are just guessed, referring more to a period than to a specific year, like the first or second half of a decade, or its mid the beginning or end; for more detail just look at chronology on the Montegrappa page.
- as the archive of the company was destroyed in 1942 after the bombing of their headquarters, many Columbus date are just guessed, referring more to a period than to a specific year, like the first or second half of a decade, or its mid the beginning or end; for more detail just look at chronology on the Columbus page.
- Aurora chronology, where not otherwise reported, refers to the book La storia della Aurora dal 1919 ai giorni nostri by Luca de Ponti.
- a Pelikan brochure refers to 1926 while Werner Rüttinger talks about 1924, but the brochure refers to 1957 for the two chicks logo, so probably (see also this thread) the brochure refers to a generic year of use and not to the introduction, therefore we choose to use the Werner Rüttinger year.
- all dates referring to features or models introduction for the Ancora pens are guessed and marked as such, because there are no catalogs or listings with clear data; so the cited year is always an approximation, referring to a wider time period (with two year less or more than the used value).
- Luca de Ponti reports the 1927 end, Letizia Jacopini reports around 1929, a flyer for the "Esposizione di Torino" in 1928 with celluloid models leads to take as correct the first date.
- All-American models are shown in the 1930-31 Conklin catalog.
- the date is taken from the change of name that took place on the monthly advertisements on the Illustrazione Italiana in mid-September 1930.
- from trademark registration.
- although on this page is indicated 1934 this advertising of 1933 clearly shows a clip marked "Edacoto".
- following De Ponti and Iacopini, Lastruccio and Lambrou (unreliable) tell 1930.
- the exact year is not known, it's only known that it is later than the faceted version.
- refers to application for the Radius trademark, done with this name.
- L. Jacopini in La storia della stilografica in Italia talks about 1938, but G. Fichera notes that the advertizements talks about the Regno d'Italia, so they must be before 1936.
- referring to the introduction of faceted models, probably the first to use this name.
- as indicated here.
- as reported by Richard Binder on this page who also reports a subsequent production, demonstrated by the presence of a model with a 1938 dating code.
- referring to the catalog showed in this discussion.
- using the date indicated by Luca De Ponti, Letizia Jacopini speaks of the mid '30s.
- as reported in this page.
- according to Martin Lehemann, see this page.
- date is taken from an article published on "Illustrazione Italiana", in an insert dedicated to autarkic productions, published as supplement to N. 17 of 1938, which reported the news that the production in the new plant in Arona would be starting in days.
- given based on the trademark registration date (Reg. Gen. N. 60764).
- indicated by Letizia Jacopini.
- supposed few time after S.I.S.A. foundation
- lower limit, as shown by this AD.
- on the historical section of the company's website is quoted this date, but others (such as Letizia Jacopini in La Storia della Stilografica in Italia 1900-1950) report 1948.
- according to Dittmer and Lehemann.
- taking as reference questa pagina.
- we use the one indicated as official by Richard Binder in this article.